双语:青春痘是如何形成的
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双语:青春痘是如何形成的

时间:2011-01-10 03:02:01  来源:  作者:

  Zits are what happen when the oil glands in your skin get clogged and pus is what comes out when you pop them.

  But dont pop them! It only spreads infection and can make your embarrassing zits even worse!

  Zits do not care about color, sex, or age, everyone from teenagers to grannies get zits. In fact, zits can be found on the faces and bodies of over 70 million people!

  A lot of things can cause zits. Including stress, and a build-up of toxins including infection. Stress is not just a mental state of being, it can also affect your physical wellness. If you have an infection, it will find an outlet through pimples.

  During your teen years your body starts to do somefunky things while it grows up, including producing more testosterone (a male hormone found in females as well as males, but in varying amounts), which tells your body to start producing more oil. As a result, the dead skin cells mix with the oil and clog your pores, causing zits.

  There are a few kinds of zits, all undesirable, but some more than others. When your skin is clogged up with enough skin cells and oil, you get whiteheads; a small white bump under the surface of the skin. When it reaches the surface, it appears black and a blackhead develops. It isnt a dark color because of dirt, but rather from melanin pigments (the stuff that gives color to your skin and hair).

  If the wall of the pore breaks, it can become inflamed and red. If it breaks further below the skins surface acne nodules or cysts can form. It is important to get these treated, unless of course you want permanent scars.

  Did you know?

  Chocolate doesnt cause acne. Experiments conducted at the University of Pennsylvania and the U.S. Naval Academy found that consumption of chocolate - even frequent daily dietary intake - had no effect on the incidence of acne. Professional dermatologists no longer link acne with diet.

  Think that only dirty people get zits? Nope. Clean people get zits too. Bacteria (the good and bad kinds)lurk in everyones skin.

  Will scrubbing my face a lot get rid of my zits? Sorry Snoopy, although washing your face is necessary, stripping your face of the natural oils cause your glands to go into hyper-drive to make up for it, which will lead to even more breakouts! You should only wash your face gently with a mild cleanser no more than twice a day.

  

  皮肤下面有一种分泌油脂的腺体叫皮脂腺,油脂通过一些小孔分泌到皮肤表面以保持皮肤的光滑与柔润。毛发也是从这些小孔中长出来的,这就是毛孔。青春痘就是发生在毛孔与毛囊皮脂腺的慢性皮肤病。

  青春痘也叫粉刺、痤疮或暗疮,主要发生在12-25岁,10个人中有9个人会发生青春痘。青春痘可以长在脸上,也可以长在背、颈和胸部。未经治疗的青春痘一般持续4-5年。

  医学研究证明,长痘的人59%存在心理障碍,其焦虑程度甚至高于牛皮癣和癌症病人的表现。青春痘不仅影响学习、生活和就业,也影响青少年的性格成长,长痘的人会比较内向和害羞。

  那么,青春痘到底是怎么发生的呢?一是由于角质层增厚堵塞了毛孔,里面的油脂排不出去,越积越多就形成一个个小痘痘。二是在雄激素的刺激下毛囊中的油脂分泌增加,加之毛孔堵塞排泄不畅,就形成了一个个小痘痘。

  把青春痘简单地分成轻中重度其实是毫无价值的,应该分成炎性和非炎性两种对采取什么样的治疗比较有帮助。非炎性的包括黑头粉刺、白头粉刺与毛孔扩大。所以,黑头、白头、毛孔大,这些都是青春痘的早期阶段,一般属于轻度,只要及时治疗,一般不会留下斑痕。但是,如果用手挤压,或者使用粗暴的方法也可能发炎,同样会留下斑痕;油脂在毛孔中越积越多,痘痘越来越大最后形成面泡和脓疱,出现红肿和触摸痛,这就是炎性青春痘。 炎性痘痘会留下斑痕,这些斑痕不可能完全消退。所以,炎性青春痘要尽早治疗,以免留下永久性斑痕。越早治疗,越不易留下斑痕。

  

  

  

  

  

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